Fenugreek (TRIGONELLA FOENUM)
According to studies fenugreek helps to reduce cholesterol level naturally, especially that of the low density lipoprotein (LDL). They are known to be rich source of steroidal saponins that prevent the absorption of cholesterol and triglycerides. The presence of galactomannan , plays a key role to maintain healthy heart & decelerating the absorption rate of sugar into our bloodstream, thus preventing diabetes mellitus . It also contains high amount of potassium that counters the action of sodium to help control heart rate and blood pressure.
Fenugreek contains 16-20 % of protein, other amino acids which help to nourish body elements and prevent malnourishment. As per ayurveda fenugreek is Tiktarasam, Ushna veerayam, which helps to reduce Vata & kapha & stimulates appetite. Seeds are mucilaginous, demulcent & due to its astringent action stops loose motions. Seed powder when taken internally helps as emmenagogue to women who suffer from oligomenorrhea, by virtue of its Uterus compression property. A Gruel like recipe prepared of seeds helps as galactogogue by stimulating milk ducts in post natal care.
Externally the seeds powder paste applied over hair scalp prevents hair loss & helps to stimulate hair growth. Also poultice of flour seeds applied over affected area reduces inflammation and pain.