Mint (MENTHA ARVENSIS)
USE : Herbs of mint are much esteemed in India as aromatic, carminative, stimulant, antispasmodic, stomachic and emmenagogue.
1. It's different habitat- wise local species are Arbi, Jungli Persian, Jaliyan, Nanap, Devmanjari...etc.
2. Following species contain high percentage of menthol
(i) Mentha viridis (M. spicata) - is known as spearmint ad contains carvone and used in India as Phudina. (ii) M. pulegium - It containes pulegone. (iii) M. piperita - Pipermint oil is obtained by steam distillation from fresh aerial parts of M. piperita.
It is a very good carminative medicine. Leaves are used as condiment. It is not advised to take it in cases of ulcers, acidity etc. Tincture of mint is used in Homeopathy.