Bharangi, Bhargi, Bhrugubhava, Padma, Brahmini (Botanical Name – Clerodendrum serratum, family – Verbenaceae) is an important medicinal plant growing in the tropical and warm temperate regions like Africa, Southern Asia, Malaysia and distributed throughout in forests of India and Sri Lanka. Bharangi is a small shrub, 2-4meter tall bearing opposite leaves and having woody rootstock. The plant is distributed over scrub forests throughout the tropical and subtropical parts up to 1500 m particularly in Bengal, Odisha and peninsular India.
As per Ayurvedic Traditional System of India, Bharangi is a one of the common herbs used in the treatment of common cold, chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, cough and other chronic respiratory problems. Bhargi is also an excellent dry cough home remedy. It is also used by Ayurvedic physicians successfully for relief from fever and hyper-pyrexia. You can also read more about fever treatment at home using the bharangi plant. Bharangi, scientifically, has been investigated and found useful in helping as fever reducing and antihistamine agent. Root is useful in asthma, cough and scrofulous affections. As per Ayurvedic texts, Bharangi root is one of the five ingredients of Brahata panchmool (Reputed generic medicine) and has a large demand among traditional medicines.
Scientific studies on extracts and formulations revealed anti-asthmatic, mast cell stabilization and anti-allergic effects of roots of Clerodendrum serratum. Reported data on pharmacological activities also includes Bharangi’s effectiveness as hepatoprotective, anti-oxidant agent and reducing inflammation of the joints. Saponins (terpenoids and steroids), flavonoids and phenolics isolated from roots have been the focus of phytochemical investigations as the biological activity has been ascribed to the saponins, which are known to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activity. Isolated bioactives from roots like icosahydropicenic acid and ursolic acid have been claimed to offer anti-allergic and liver cells protective activity.
Some of benefits of Bharangi Roots:
- Catarrhal affections of the lungs and as a digestive
- Appetising agent
- Allergic rhinitis
- Intestinal worms
- Many Ayurveda preparations are prepared from Bharangi root.
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