Camellia sinensis is native to East Asia, the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, but it is today cultivated across the world in tropical and subtropical regions. Camellia sinensis or green tea is an evergreen shrub or small tree that is usually trimmed to below 2 m (6.6 ft) when cultivated for its leaves.
Usually, the tip (bud) and the first two to three leaves are harvested for processing. This hand picking is repeated every one to two weeks.
Many high quality teas are grown at high elevations, up to 1,500 meters (4,900 feet), as the plants grow more slowly and acquire more flavor. Camellia is grown luxuriantly in hilly districts of India especially Assam, Bengal, UP, Bihar etc and research study has shown that India is the largest tea growing and processing country.
Camellia or green tea leaves are commonly used as hot beverages all over the world with unique recipes for its Stimulant response. In some persons Camellia helps to stay awake and mentally alert when consumed in adequate quantity as per body constitution. Studies have shown that Green tea helps in assimilation of nitrogenous food and elimination of waste by-products from the body.
Scientific research has shown the presence of antioxidants like polyphenols, alkaloids like Theine and caffeine in Camellia. Theine in green tea is a nervine stimulant that helps in relieving headache, nerve pain and inflammation. Green tea extract promotes elimination of toxic wastes through diuretic and mild colon cleansing response. Some recent scientific studies have also shown presence of theophylline which supports respiratory functions for expelling extra cough.
Benefits of Camellia sinensis:
1) Helps to reduce the risk of skin cancer.
2) Protect against skin aging.
3) Helps in skin hydration.
4) Anti-inflammatory properties
5) Nourishes skin
6) Fights Acne.
7) Its effectiveness in reducing body weight.
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